「未走之路The Road Not Taken」是美國詩人佛羅斯特 (Robert Frost,1874-1963),最有名的一首詩,他的文字雖然樸實,節奏卻鮮明而意境優美,並且能透過直接的描述,牽引出豐富的意識的聲音,傳達的哲理深沉而餘韻無窮。

佛羅斯特說:「詩應始於歡娛,而終於智慧。」(A poem begins in delight and ends in wisdom),憑著卓越的聲韻技巧和哲理內涵,終使他成為二十世紀最受美國人喜歡的詩人。

這首詩表面上描述旅人在樹林裡遇到岔路而躊躇不決的心情,實際上卻是在告訴我們大家, 我們的人生道路是靠自己決定的,有得才有失,有捨才能得。




※未走之路 The Road Not Taken

金色的樹林裡有兩條路岔路
可惜我不能沿著兩條路行走;
我久久地站在那分岔的地方
極目眺望其中一條路的盡頭;
直到它轉彎,消失在樹林深處。

然後我毅然踏上了另一條路,
這條路也許更值得我嚮往,
因為它荒草叢生,人跡罕至;
不過說到其冷清與荒涼,
兩條路幾乎是一模一樣。

那天早晨兩條路都鋪滿落葉,
落葉上都沒有被踩踏的痕跡。
唉,我把第一條路留給未來!
但我知道人世間阡陌縱橫,
我不知未來能否再回到那裡。

我將會一邊嘆息一邊敘說,
在某個地方,在很久很久以後;
曾有兩條小路在樹林中分手,
我選了一條人跡稀少的行走,
結果後來的一切都截然不同。

The Road Not Taken
Robert Frost (1874–1963). Mountain Interval. 1920.

TWO roads diverged in a yellow wood
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;


Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,


And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.


I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.




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參考資料 http://chchen.xxc.idv.tw/

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